For 2011 and beyond, Vietnam’s political outlook will remain stable and its economic outlook forecasts to be strong for the foreseeable future according to the Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) country intelligence data and report. Their relation of co-dependance and mutual influence is unpacked to shed light on the contemporary field of the fashion media, and the role of new technologies in the production, circulation and consumption of fashion related news. This study examines the new approach and working standards of Chinese journalists who are working in international consumer magazines in China. Throughout history China has always seen their human resources as the most expendable.
We analyse the background to all this, the consequences for journalists and journalism, and the implications for online news organizations. The Huffington Post was threatened by a lawsuit on behalf of 9000 unpaid bloggers, Pulse was summoned by the New York Times to remove their RSS-feeds from the service and Google News was forced by Belgian French-language publishers to remove all their content from Google News.
Growing competition—resulting in low advertising rates, and the economic crises of the twenty-first century—made media companies move to other models: paid and metered access, registration, premium access for paid subscribers, pdf-versions, paid archives, pay-walls and paid access through apps on iPads and other tablets. Sponsoring, donations and non-profit public funding are the most-used non-commercial options for sustaining a news website.
Subscription and single copy sales—meaning direct payment by users for content, is used by specialized publications such as the Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times and by news organizations with a more general focus like The (London) Times and some local papers. Notwithstanding the 30 per cent cut Apple takes from all sales through their App Store, many newspapers and magazines now embrace this model. But the dominant logic of online news is that it seems very difficult to build online revenue models.
Advertising and e-commerce such as banner adds, pop-ups, sale of products, pre-roll video ads and other advertising formats are used by almost every news organization. Public broadcasters are sponsored by their mother-organization; non-profit organizations (like Amnesty International, universities, governments) provide news on their websites. Few news organizations can rely on subscription as the main source of revenue, except for specialized (financial) news providers.